Get an ignition source. The most obvious choice is a lighter or matches, but if you’re in a pinch, try one of these ideas:
Gather tinder.Tinder catches the initial spark from the ignition source and transfers it to the kindling. If the kindling is damp or wet, the tinder must burn long enough to dry out the kindling.
Gather kindling. Kindling needs a large surface to volume ratio (about 1/8″ to 1/2″ diameter) and more bulk than tinder so it can ignite easily, produce sustained concentrated heat and flame, and light the main fuel source.
Gather logs or other bulky fuel sources. Good fuels for sustained burning include dry wood that is 1″ to 5″ (2.5 cm to 12.5 cm) in diameter, twisted dry grasses, peat, dried animal dung and coal. Gather more fuel than you think you’ll need, especially if you’re going to sleep by the fire.
Clear a circular area about 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. Build a ring of rocks or dig a fire pit that’s several inches deep using a shovel or hand trowel. Constructing a ring of stones will insulate the fire. Building a fire wall with logs or rocks will reflect the fire’s heat, especially if you’ll only be on one side of the fire (because otherwise the heat sent off in the other direction is wasted).
Pile kindling loosely in your fire ring or fire pit. You want your kindling close enough to ignite but spaced enough for good air circulation.
Add firewood starting with the smallest sized pieces and working your way up toward large pieces. The arrangement you choose will determine the fire’s longevity, how fast it burns, and how long your wood lasts.
Have a wonderful day and please let me know if you need anything.